It’s well known for its fluffy waffles, artisan beers and superior chocolate but, when it comes to design, Belgium punches above its weight.

The pan-European Art Nouveau movement took root in Brussels in the early 1890s as a group of artists and designers sought to move away from the ethos and aesthetics of industrialisation.

Victor Horta and Paul Hankar were two of the city’s most prolific architects – Horta taking his creative cues from nature, while Hankar favoured geometry.

Horta, Hankar and their contemporaries each put their individual stamp on the style and, today, their extraordinary vision makes Brussels a joy for Art Nouveau fans.

If you're planning a trip to the city, or you're already there and looking to fill your itinerary, here are some of the best things to see and best places to visit in Brussels.

Best places to visit in Brussels

Horta Museum

Horta Museum Brussels
Alan John Ainsworth/Heritage Images/Getty Images

Address: 27 rue Americaine, 1060 Brussels, Belgium
Opening hours: Tuesday to Friday 2pm-5.30pm. Saturday & Sunday 11am-5.30pm

Horta Museum was once the private home of Brussels’ most famous architect, Victor Horta (1861–1947). Beautifully light and calm, you can see how Horta tried to marry interior design with architecture, making a feature of exposed ironwork and designing everything, even down to the decorative radiator knobs and mosaic floors.

Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts / Royal Museums of Fine Arts

Must-visit places in Belgium | Royal Museums of Fine Arts
Bombaert/ Getty Images

Address: Rue du Musée 9
Opening hours: They vary but all open every day except Monday

At Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, a collection of six museums, there are impressive collections of over 20,000 works by Flemish painters including Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Rubens and Van Dyck, and an entire section dedicated to 20th-century surrealist René Magritte.

Musée des Instruments de Musique / Musical Instruments Museum

Musical Instruments Museum Brussels

Address: Hofberg 2 Montagne de la Cour, B-1000 Brussels
Opening hours: Tuesday to Friday, 9.30am-5pm. Saturday & Sunday 10am-5pm

Take a stroll to MIM, the Musical Instruments Museum, if only to admire the exterior, which retains the original signage from its days as the Old England department store. Inside you'll find 1,200 fascintaing and beautifully crafted instruments assembled in fur galleries, enhanced by images, sound and text panels. There's even a concert hall with 200 seats arranged in a semi-circle, reminiscent of a Greek amphitheatre, on the fifth floor.

Place St Géry

Belgian beer being served outside
Buena Vista Images / Getty Images

Address: 1000 Brussels
Opening hours: Times vary

Sightseeing can make you thirsty, so do as the locals do and grab a beer at a pavement cafe (the area around Place St Géry is particularly lively).

There are dozens of beers to choose from, from geuze (a sparkling beer made in Brussels) and lambic (an open-fermented brew that tastes a bit like wine), to beers made with wheat or infused with fruit.

Manneken Pis Fountain

Manneken Pis Brussels
Omar Havana/Getty Images

Address: 1000 Brussels
Opening hours: Always open

More evidence of a determined idiosyncracy is displayed by the city’s emblem, the Manneken Pis (corner of Rue de l’Etuve), a 17th-century bronze statue of a boy peeing that the locals like to dress up in natty costumes. Hundreds of them – including a mini Elvis suit – are on display in the GardeRobe MannekinPis on Rue du Chêne, a stone's throw from the famous fountain.

Comics Art Museum

Address: Rue des Sables 20
Open hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10am-6pm

Belgium is home to Tintin and the Smurfs, so it’s no surprise there’s a Comics Art Museum, housed in a Horta-designed Art Nouveau wonder, formerly the Waucquez Warehouse.

The Grand Place

Where to visit Brussels
Jean-Paul Remy

Address: Central Brussels
Open hours: Times vary

The Grand Place is a breathtaking mix of shapely Renaissance-style gables, sculpture-studded façades and decorative balconies and spires.

It’s somewhat overwhelming at first but look closely and you’ll start to notice the detail: a galleon-shaped gable at number 6 – once the guildhouse of the boatmen; a stone dragon gnawing on the leg of a knight on the Hôtel de Ville; and a painted swan strutting its stuff above the doorway of number 9, formerly home to the guild of butchers, and now a restaurant, The Swan Cafe.

The square has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 1998 and today it is a popular place to grab a beer and a plate of mussels while you watch the world go by.

The Magritte Museum

Magritte Museum at Place Royale in Brussels
justhavealook / Getty Images

Address: Pl. Royale Koningsplein 1
Opening hours: Tuesday to Friday 10am-5pm, Saturday and Sunday 11am-6pm

The Magritte Museum pays homage to the surrealist, with more than 200 of his works, from painting and sculptures to musical scores.

Royal Greenhouses Laeken

Places to visit Brussels
Jean-Paul Remy

Address: Av. du Parc Royal, 1020 Laeken
Opening hours: Spring

In 1873, architect Alphonse Balat designed for King Leopold II a complex of greenhouses which complement the castle of Laeken, built in the classical style. The complex has the appearance of a glass city set in an undulating landscape with monumental pavilions, glass cupolas and wide arcades that cross the site like covered streets. Some of the plants inside are from King Leopold II's original collection, making them extremely valuable.

The Royal Greenhouses Laeken open for just a few weeks in spring each year, so if this is on your must-visit list, you'll need to time your trip accordingly.

The greenhouses are filled with beautiful plants that reach right up to the striking glass ceilings. Even if you can't get inside when you visit, the exterior architecture has much to marvel at.

More travel content from Homes & Antiques

Sign up to our weekly newsletter to enjoy more H&A content delivered to your inbox.